Often described as the misuse of science, chemical and biological weapons have incurred widespread opposition over the years. Despite condemnation from the United Nations, governments and the disarmament lobby, they remain very real options for rogue states and terrorists. This much-needed history examines the similarities and differences between the two types of weapons, and how technological advancements have led to tactical innovations in their use. Global efforts to restrain their use, with deterrence and disarmament being the major issues, are also discussed. From the widespread gas warfare used in the First World War to Saddam Hussein's attacks on the Iraqi Kurds, this book gives a comprehensive chronological account of why, where and when such weapons were used or suspected to be deployed.
Edward M. Spiers is a Professor of Strategic Studies and the Pro-Dean of Research in the Faculty of Arts at Leeds University. He is the author of many books, including Weapons of Mass Destruction: Prospects for Proliferation, and has contributed to publications such as Intelligence and National Security, Journal of Strategic Studies and Defence Analysis.