Aimed at 6-12 grade content area instructors that work with ELLs, this book emphasizes the importance of developing and enhancing teachersa?? abilities to work with linguistically and culturally diverse students using their districtsa?? adopted text materials.
Adapting Content to Empower English-Language-Learning Students (ACEES) is designed to provide a resource for professional development to assist secondary teachers in meeting achievement standards for teaching English Language Learner (ELL) students. There remains a stark mismatch between adequate professional development to help teachers work with ELLs and what is actually delivered. With added pressures on teachers to ensure that standardized test strategies are covered, emanating from the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, teachers need to reach out to ELL students who have achieved varying degrees of English language proficiency. This book emphasizes the importance of developing and enhancing all subject area teachersa?? abilities to work with linguistically and culturally diverse students, using their districtsa?? adopted text materials.
To facilitate instructional approaches that intend to foster success for ELL students, the ACEES text was specifically designed for secondary content-area instructors. ACEES focuses on principles of effective practice and resource material analysis, equitable assessment of ELLs, second language acquisition, reading, writing and literacy, specific accommodations in math, science and social studies, instructional technology and cross-cultural dimensions.
The book was written to provide a resource for both instructors and teacher-trainers in developing best practice instructional approaches to teach ELL students at the secondary level.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents Acknowledgements Foreword Preface Chapter 1 Creating an Environment for Success Applying the Three Principles Increase Comprehensibility Increase Interaction Increase Higher Order Thinking Skills SDAIE CALLA Stages of L2 Development The SIOP Model Sheltered Instruction Analyzing Classroom Text Materials Sample Lesson Plan Unit Suggested Assignment Chapter 2 Equitable Assessment of ELL Student Performance Assessment Accommodations for ELLs: Implications for Policy-Based Empirical Research The "Right" English Assessment Strategies, Tools and Techniques Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Developing Questioning Strategies How to Modify a Multiple Choice Test Modifying Fill-in-the-Blank Modifications At-a-Glance Examples of How Tests Can Be Culturally Biased Alternative Assessments Alternative Assessment Instruments Self-Evaluations Rubrics Bloom's Taxonomy - Levels of Thinking Skills Experiential Activities Portfolios Chapter 3 Second Language Acquisition Test Your Knowledge Language Principles Krahsen's Hypotheses Another Look at L2 Stages of Development Social Language (BICS) vs. Academic Language (CALP) Cummins' Quadrants Instructional Scaffolding Corpus Linguistics Influences from the Native Language: Phonology, Syntax & Morphology Grammatical Interferences Chapter 4 ELL Students' Reading andLiteracy Development Challenges for ELLs in Reading Adaptations in Content Area Reading Six Key Elements of Vocabulary Interaction Directed Reading Thinking Activities Reading Graphic Organizers Adolescent Literacy & ELLs Five Key Learning Habits Tapestry ABC's of a Topic Word Bingo Chapter 5 ELL Students' Writing, Listening, and Speaking English Writing Workshop Discussion of Sample Student Writings Writing Graphic Organizers "My First Sea Vouge" Developing Listening Activities Developing Speaking Activities Examples of Information Gap Activities Jigsaw Activities Chapter 6 Math, Science & Social Studies: Challenges & Adaptations for ELLs Descriptions of Content Area Activities Total Recall True or False Judgment Opinion/Proof Wrong Word Jeopardy Student Developed Tests Group Studying for a Test Team Spelling Test Interview Making Sense Cubing Student Glossary Challenges for ELLs in Mathematics Adaptations in Math Communication & Literacy in Math Sample Lesson - Algebra Math Graphic Organizers Challenges for ELLs in Science Adaptations in Science Teaching Science to ELLs Sample Lesson - Biology Science Graphic Organizers Challenges for ELLs in Social Studies Adaptations in Social Studies Making Social Studies Meaningful to ELLs Sample Lesson - World History Social Studies Graphic Organizers Chapter 7 Peer and Cooperative Learning Managing Cooperative Learning Group Work Group Member Assignments Four Types of Pair/Group Work for Content Classrooms Things to Remember When Using Pair Group Work Group Work Evaluation Form Pass the Poster Activity Text Quests Give One, Get One Activity Academic Vocabulary Poster What's the Script? Activity Graphic Organizers Chapter 8 Technology, Multi-literacy Interaction & ELL Students Websites to Visit English Language Learning Software Programs Digital Storytelling Pod Casting Integrating Technology with Content Optimal Learning Conditions Chapter 9 Cross-cultural Dimensions Valuing Cultural Diversity What Does Multicultural Education Look Like? Thoughts of James Banks Common Vocabulary Stereotyping Elements of Surface & Deep Culture Cultural Groups A la Carte Individualist vs. Collectivist Perspectives Multiple Perspectives Activity "Fibs" or True Stories My Place on the Line Activity Cultural Vignette Activity A Placeat the Table Chapter 10 Parent/Teacher Communication & Final Thoughts A Mother's Letter Parental Communication Students with Abilities Collaboration Works Providing for Newcomers Final Thoughts Passion & Persistence Glossary Appendix A - Acronyms Appendix B - Schedule of Balanced Instruction Appendix C - Documentation of ELL Strategies Appendix D - List of Cognates (English - Spanish) Appendix E - Legal Foundations IndexAuthor Biography
&>Margaret A. Rohan has worked as a public school educator with under-represented student populations, including dropout prevention, Title I, Migrant and ELL programs, for 22 years, earning a doctoral degree in Educational Leadership in 2006. She has taught Multicultural Education courses at Florida Atlantic University, Indian River State College and Nova Southeastern University for the past 10 years. Her research concentrates on secondary ELL teachers, students and families in Florida and Georgia. Rohan is currently an ELL Resource instructor, working in Denver with predominantly refugee children from many places on the planet. She dreams of someday building an off-the-grid home in the back hills of Colorado. To visit Margaret Rohan's author website, please go to www.ellcontent.com. Note: You will exit the Pearson website.