Colonial Latin America provides a concise study of the history of the Iberian colonies in the New World and their preconquest background to the wars of independence in the early nineteenth century. Now thoroughly updated in this seventh edition, Colonial Latin America is indispensable for students who wish to gain a deeper understanding of the fascinating and often colorful history of the cultures, the people, and the struggles that have played a part in shaping Latin America.
Distinctive Features * Provides a comprehensive and well-balanced account, covering all aspects of life-political, social, religious, economic, military, and cultural * Offers an inclusive discussion of all groups and strata of society-including slaves and women-and a nuanced discussion of race, class, and gender * Superbly written, making it readable for any audience * Presents solid scholarship-this is the most current and authoritative book on the market New to this Edition * Reorganized coverage of the imperial crisis and Independence Era is spread out over three chapters and incorporates all of the major new scholarship in these areas * New discussion of the Haitian revolution and its regional significance * Expanded discussion of the African influence on early colonial development
Table of Contents
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ; 1. AMERICA, IBERIA, AND AFRICA BEFORE THE CONQUEST ; AMERINDIAN CIVILIZATION ON THE EVE OF EUROPEAN CONQUEST ; THE IBERIAN WORLD IN THE LATE FIFTEENTH CENTURY ; ATLANTIC AFRICA IN THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY ; FIRST ENCOUNTERS IN THE NEW WORLD ; 2. THE AGE OF CONQUEST ; THE CONQUEST OF MEXICO ; THE CONQUEST OF PERU ; THE EBBTIDE OF CONQUEST ; BLACK PARTICIPATION IN THE AGE OF CONQUEST ; CONUNDRUMS AND THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE ; 3. RULING NEW WORLD EMPIRES ; IMPERIAL ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION ; THE COLONIAL CHURCH ; 4. POPULATION AND LABOR ; CHANGES IN THE COLONIAL POPULATION ; INDIAN LABOR ; SLAVERY AND THE SLAVE TRADE ; 5. PRODUCTION, EXCHANGE, AND DEFENSE ; THE MINING AND SUGAR INDUSTRIES ; INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND TAXATION ; DEFENSE ; THE COLONIAL ECONOMY ; 6. THE SOCIAL ECONOMY: SOCIETIES OF CASTE AND CLASS ; EVOLUTION OF COLONIAL SOCIETIES ; THE ELITES ; URBAN AND RURAL MIDDLE GROUPS ; THE BROAD BASE OF COLONIAL SOCIETY ; 7. THE FAMILY AND SOCIETY ; FAMILY: THE FOUNDATION OF COLONIAL SOCIETY ; WOMEN IN COLONIAL SOCIETIES AND ECONOMIES ; THE CULTURE OF HONOR ; 8. LIVING IN AN EMPIRE ; COLONIAL SETTINGS ; DAILY LIFE IN THE COLONIES ; THE CULTURAL MILIEU ; 9. IMPERIAL EXPANSION ; THE SPANISH COLONIES, 1680S TO 1762 ; BRAZIL IN THE AGE OF EXPANSION ; NEW SPAIN, PERU, AND THE REFORMS OF CHARLES III ; THE EMERGENCE OF THE PERIPHERY IN SPANISH AMERICA ; 10. CRISIS AND POLITICAL REVOLUTIONS ; AN ERA OF WAR AND CRISIS FOR SPAIN AND PORTUGAL ; GOVERNMENTS OF RESISTANCE AND POLITICAL REVOLUTION, 1808-1812 ; 11. FROM EMPIRE TO INDEPENDENCE ; INDEPENDENCE IN SPANISH AMERICA ; PORTUGAL AND BRAZIL IN THE AGE OF REVOLUTION ; CUBA: "THE EVER FAITHFUL ISLE" ; SPAIN AFTER THE LOSS OF MAINLAND AMERICA ; 12. EPILOGUE
Mark Burkholder is Professor of History and Dean of Arts and Sciences, University of Missouri, St. Louis (Ph. D. Duke University). Books include: From Impotence to Authority (University of Missouri Press, 1977; Politics of a Colonial Career: Jose Baquijano and the Audiencia of Lima (University of New Mexico Press, 1981) Lyman Johnson Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte (Ph. D. University of Connecticut).