Community participation has long been recognised as an effective means of helping rural and urban people focus energy and mobilise resources to solve their health, environmental, and economic problems. When people from the community organise, plan, share tasks with professionals, contribute financially to projects or programs, and help make decisions about activities that affect their lives, programs are more likely to achieve their objectives. Several countries have created ways for communities to participate in their family planning programs. They have found that individuals make better choices about contraception when they participate in the family planning program activities in their villages or urban neighbourhoods. This book presents international research on issues dealing with this unifying problem.