"Confucius's Analects" is an innovative textbook for teaching and learning Chinese language and culture at the advanced level. It combines classical and modern Chinese language skills, Chinese culture, and expository and narrative writing practice. "Confucius's Analects" (ca. 479 BC-221 BC) is a central work of East Asian intellectual history that permeates Chinese and East Asian thought and values today. Students seeking to develop advanced language proficiency need to be familiar with the Analects in order to understand the wealth of literary allusions that appear in modern as well as classical Chinese writings. A selection of 82 passages, which are all educational and practical for present-day students, are grouped thematically into four parts-knowledge, morality, wisdom, and government - and covers Confucian teachings from personal cultivation to social contribution. A quadrupled text system includes quotations from the Analects, modern Chinese translations of these passages, short essays of exegesis that elaborate on the major points, and historical Chinese stories that illustrate the theme.
Vocabulary expansion sections show how monosyllabic classical words have each expanded into ten selected modern bisyllabic words. Almost 300 idioms and corresponding exercises teach their rhetorical value and provide cultural exposure. Sections on function words help students to understand classical Chinese. Extensive writing practice in each chapter includes debate, composition, storytelling, and topical research-all requiring internet research. Audio files of recitation of the Analects passages by a native speaker are available online for free. Designed for students who have studied Chinese for three years in college or an equivalent, this textbook is ideal for students of advanced Chinese, classical Chinese, and Chinese culture. Knowledge of classical Chinese is not a prerequisite.
Table of Contents
Preface Acknowledgments User's Guide Part One: Knowledge 1. Learning the Way An Illustrative Story: Porridge Cakes 2. Love for Learning Illustrative Story: Lamp of Fireflies 3. The Four Prohibitions An Illustrative Story: A Doctor-Traveler 4. Inferring by Analogy 5. The Ultimate Joy A Illustrative Story: The Plum Blossom Painter Part Two: Morality 6. Filial Piety An Illustrative Story: Grandma and the Office 7. Righteousness and Profit An Illustrative Story: The Promissory Notes 8. Three Introspections Daily An Illustrative Story: Critics of an Emperor 9. Strength in Adversity An Illustrative Story: A Determined Historian 10. The Long Journey An Illustrative Story: Death of a Premier Part Three: Wisdom 11. Self-Reliance An Illustrative Story: The Taste of Gall 12. Three Beneficial Friends An Illustrative Story: The Slashed Mat 13. Words and Deeds An Illustrative Story: Talking in a Big Game 14. Advancing and Retreating An Illustrative Story: World and Island 15. Careers for Scholars An Illustrative Story: A Statesman of Four Reigns Part Four: Governance 16. Governing with Virtue An Illustrative Story: A Palace without a Terrace 17. Sovereigns and Subjects An Illustrative Story: Three Visits to a Strategist 18. Exemplary Leaders An Illustrative Story: The Flying General 19. Upright above the Crooked An Illustrative Story: A Tattooed General 20. Economy and Education An Illustrative Story: The Emperor's Dictionary Appendix English Translation of the Analects Passages Indexes
Zu-yan Chen is a professor of Chinese language and literature and director of the Confucius Institute at Binghamton University, SUNY. He is the author of Li Bai and Du Fu: An Advanced Reader of Chinese Language and Literature and Chinese through Song.