Scientists included in this book represent the fields of biochemistry, biology, chemistry, computer science, dentistry, engineering, entomology, genetics, geology, mathematics, medicine, nursing, physics, psychology, sociology, zoology, and inventions. Described here are African American men and women who have contributed to the advancement of science including inventions. These individuals have contributed in large and small ways that might have been overlooked when chronicling the history of science.
Robert B Sanders, Biochemist, educator, administrator, and consultant (born in 1938). Robert B Sanders was born in Augusta, GA, attended segregated private and public schools in Augusta, GA, earned a B. S. degree summa cum laude in chemistry from Paine College in Augusta, GA, in 1959, and earned a M. S. degree in biological chemistry from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor in 1961. Mr. Sanders wrote a dissertation entitled The Effect of Insulin on 1-Aminocyclopentanecarboxylic Acid Distribution in the Rat, and he earned a Ph. D. degree in biological chemistry from the University of Michigan in 1964, when his dissertation advisor was DrThomas R. Riggs. DrSanders held a postdoctoral fellowship from the American Cancer Society in 1964-1966, when he studied parathyroid hormone purification and action, and he was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Wisconsin in Madison in 1964-1966, when his mentor was Professor Hector F. DeLuca. Robert B. Sanders was an assistant professor in 1966-1972, an associate professor in 1972-1986, a professor in 1986-2004, an associate dean of the Graduate School in 1987-1996, an associate vice chancellor in 1989-1996, and a professor emeritus in 2004- at the University of Kansas at Lawrence. Professor Sanders was a visiting scientist at the Battelle Memorial Institute Pacific Northwest Laboratories in Richland, WA, in 1970 and 1971, a visiting associate professor at the University of Texas Medical School Houston in 1974-1975, when he held a