Double-shift Schooling primarily aims to extend access and minimise unit costs. However, some systems only achieve those goals at the expense of educational quality. Policy-makers may be faced by difficult choices when designing systems. Drawing on experiences in a wide range of countries, this book highlights the advantages and problems of double-shift systems. Comparison is made with single-shift systems, and also with systems having triple or even quadruple shifts. The book will be useful both for national and regional policy-makers, and for headteachers and others responsible for running double-shift schools. This is the third edition of a book first published in 1989 and updated in 2000.
Mark Bray is Director of UNESCO's International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP) in Paris. Prior to taking this post in 2006, he worked for 20 years at the University of Hong Kong where, among other roles, he was Director of the Comparative Education Research Centre. He has also taught in secondary schools in Kenya and Nigeria, and at the Universities of Edinburgh, Papua New Guinea and London. He is widely known for his work on planning and financing of education systems, and has undertaken consultancy work in over 60 countries of Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Europe, North America and the South Pacific.