Employment discrimination refers to the illegal practice of making employment decisions based on an employee's age, race, sex, religion, national origin, or physical disability. This almanac examines Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, the primary federal anti-discrimination statute, and the role of the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in interpreting and enforcing the provisions of the Act. This almanac also explores other federal statutes that prohibit employment discrimination, including the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), which prohibits employment discrimination against individuals with disabilities, and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), which prohibits discrimination against individuals because of their age. Further, this almanac examines the state laws that are patterned after the federal statutes, some of which also extend protection to additional groups not covered by federal law. The Appendix provides applicable statutes, resource directories, and other pertinent information and data. The Glossary contains definitions of many of the terms used throughout the almanac.
MARGARET C. JASPER is an attorney engaged in the general practice of law in South Salem, New York, concentrating in the areas of personal injury and entertainment law. Ms. Jasper holds a Juris Doctor degree from Pace University School of Law, White Plains, New York, is a member of the New York and Connecticut bars, and is certified to practice before the United States District Courts for the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and the United States Supreme Court. Ms. Jasper has been appointed to the law guardian panel for the Family Court of the State of New York, is a member of a number of professional organizations and associations, and is a New York State licensed real estate broker operating as Jasper Real Estate, in South Salem, New York. Margaret Jasper maintains a website at http: //www.JasperLawOffice.com. In 2004, Ms. Jasper successfully argued a case before the New York Court of Appeals, which gives mothers of babies who are stillborn due to medical negligence the right to bring a legal action and recover emotional distress damages. This successful appeal overturned a 26-year old New York case precedent, which previously prevented mothers of stillborn babies to sue their negligent medical providers.