Victimology and crime prevention are growing, interrelated areas cutting across several disciplines. Victimology examines victims of all sorts of criminal activity, from domestic abuse, to street violence, to victims in the workplace who lose jobs and pensions due to malfeasance by corporate executives.
Crime prevention is an important companion to victimology because it offers insight and techniques to prevent situations that lead to crime and attempts to offer ideas and means for mitigating or minimizing the potential for victimization.
.In many ways, the two fields have developed along parallel yet separate paths, and the literature on both has been scattered across disciplines as varied as sociology, law and criminology, public health and medicine, political science and public policy, economics, psychology and human services, and more.
The Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention provides a comprehensive reference work bringing together such dispersed knowledge as it outlines and discusses the status of victims within the criminal justice system and topics of deterring and preventing victimization in the first place and responding to victims' needs.
Two volumes containing approximately 375 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and comprehensive reference resource available on victimology and crime prevention, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage.
In addition to standard entries, leading scholars in the field have contributed Anchor Essays that, in broad strokes, provide starting points for investigating the more salient victimology and crime prevention topics.
A representative sampling of general topic areas covered includes: interpersonal and domestic violence, child maltreatment, and elder abuse; street violence; hate crimes and terrorism; treatment of victims by the media, courts, police, and politicians; community response to crime victims; physical design for crime prevention; victims of nonviolent crimes; deterrence and prevention; helping and counseling crime victims; international and comparative perspectives, and more.
Bonnie S. Fisher is a Professor in the Division of Criminal Justice and Research Fellow in the Center for Criminal Justice Research at the University of Cincinnati. Professor Fisher received her Ph.D. (1988) in Political Science from Northwestern University. She is a nationally recognized expert in the areas of sexual, violent and stalking victimization of college women, including repeat victimization, self-protection effectiveness, and fear of crime, and how post-secondary schools' respond to reports of sexual victimization. She has authored more than 150 publications in national and international peer-reviewed criminology, criminal justice, crime prevention, gerontology, legal, medical, methodological, nursing, urban planning, public administration, psychology, security, and victimology periodicals. She also has edited three volumes that focus on victimization issues: Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention; Campus Crime (with Steven P. Lab); Legal, Social and Political Perspectives, 2nd edition (with John Sloan, III); Violence Against Women and Family Violence; and Developments in Research, Practice, and Policy. She has been the co-editor of the Security Journal since 1998. She has served as the Deputy Editor of Justice Quarterly and since 2008 has been the Associate Editor of the Journal of Research Crime and Delinquency. She has been the Principal Investigator or Co-PI on several U.S. Department of Justice grants examining a range of college student victimization issues and on a grant from the British Home Office to examine college student victimization in the East Midlands, United Kingdom. Currently she is a Co-PI on a National Institute of Health grant examining forensic sexual examinations and the use of digital images and staining techniques to enhance the detection of injuries and the use of digital images in decision making among the police, prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges and juries in the criminal justice process.
Steven P. Lab (Ph.D., Criminology, Florida State University, 1982) has been a member of the Criminal Justice faculty at Bowling Green State University since 1987 and is currently Professor and Director of the Criminal Justice Program and Chair of the Department of Human Services. Dr. Lab is a nationally recognized expert in the area of crime prevention and is the author of Crime Prevention: Approaches, Practices and Evaluations, Fifth Edition. His research interests also include juvenile delinquency, school crime, and victims of crime. He is the author of over three dozen articles or book chapters and author or editor of 5 books. He has also served as editor of the Journal of Crime and Justice. Dr. Lab is a regular consultant for the National Institute of Justice on research and funding activities in the areas of crime prevention, community policing, school crime, gang behavior and interventions, and police partnerships to address crime. He is currently leading an effort to develop a 5-year strategic plan to direct NIJ funding in the area of crime prevention. Dr. Lab is a Past President of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and has served in many other capacities for ACJS, the Midwestern Criminal Justice Association, the Ohio Council of Criminal Justice Educators, and the Police Section of ACJS.