This is an introduction and guide to the study of errors in language, which presents a critical survey of previous work. It seeks to clarify such questions as: does correctness matter?; and is it more important to speak fluently and write imaginatively or to communicate one's message? Other questions addressed include whether "good" English for the native speaker is also good for the foreign learner. The reader is led from definitions of error and related concepts, to categorization of types of linguistic deviance discussion of error gravities, the utility of teacher correction and towards writing learner profiles.
The book is written by Carl James, Senior Lecturer in the Linguistics Department at the University of Wales, Bangor, who is author of Contrastive Analysis and co-editor of Language Awareness in the Classroom, also published in this series. The book is suitable for students of Applied Linguistics, Educational Linguistics, teachers of English as a Foreign Language and teachers of Modern Languages.