Eyelid myoclonia with absences is a recently described and under-recognized syndrome of idiopathic generalized epilepsy. The diagnosis may be confused with tics, attempts at self-induction and epilepsy syndromes with a better prognosis, such as childhood absence epilepsy. This volume summarizes current knowledge on the topic, covering the underlying anatomy and physiology of the eyelids, the clinical and electro-encephalographic features and differential diagnosis in children and adults, including a discussion on the controversial issue of self-induction of absences. The current state of knowledge on the inheritance and genetics of the condition and strategies for its treatment are also covered. Throughout, the book highlights recent advances in the understanding of this syndrome and the applications of these developments to clinical practice, and should be of interest for all those who treat children and adults with epilepsy.