A forest fire is any uncontrolled, non-structure fire that occurs in the wilderness. Wildlife behaviour is often complex and variably dependent on factors such as fuel type, moisture content in the fuel, humidity, windspeed, topology, geographic location and ambient temperature. Weather patterns, such as heat waves droughts can also have a dramatic impact on the onset and outcome of wildfires. Fire is sometimes essential for forest regeneration, however, it often destroys forests and has dire social and economic consequences. This book looks at the underlying causes of forest fires, their ecological effects and preventive strategies.