This new edition is up-dated and revised, incorporating the changes in the USSR and China in the 1980s. It offers a series of case-studies charting the progress and assessing the achievement of six industrializing countries outside the Western World - Japan, the Soviet Union, India, Brazil and Nigeria. It covers the whole range of economic approaches, from those depending wholly on market forces to those that are completely planned. The book considers industrialization past and present and a survey of industrialization in developing world and considers the expansion of Japan and its East Asian neighbours, and the falling living standards in Brazil and Nigeria. It also examines the range of political experience and ideological outlook in each country.