International Relations and World Politics introduces the issues in an organized and comprehensible way, examining them in relation to two trends; three broad, organizing themes or concepts; key actors; and three basic images or perspectives that provide structure for the pages that follow: / Two trends--increasing globalization and crises of authority--that characterize international relations and world politics / Key organizing themes or concepts--in particular, security, economy, and identity that structure the three major sections of the book / Key actors--states, international organizations, and transnational organizations and movements (such as nongovernmental organizations, multinational corporations, and terrorist groups) / Three basic images or perspectives on world politics--realism, liberalism (or pluralism as it is frequently called), and global economic structuralism (which includes Marxism, world-systems, and dependency theory) supplemented by references to other theoretical and conceptual understandings mentioned below Paul R. Viotti and Mark V.Kauppi wrote this book because they believe it is possible and essential to improve a student's conceptual and theoretical thinking about international relations.
If one does not think conceptually, a course in world politics threatens to become little more than current events. Hence, they structured the book in such a way that key concepts, themes, and trends are utilized throughout the discussion of various topics.
Table of Contents
Contents Part I Overview Chapter 1 Trends, Actors, and Concepts Trends Globalization Crises of Authority Connections and Cautions Actors States International Organizations Transnational Nongovernmental Organizations Individuals International Relations and World Politics: Security, Economy, and Identity Overview Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 2 An Emerging Global Civil Society The Globalization of International Relations and World Politics The Emergence of a State-Centric Global Society International Law Diplomacy and Security: Matters of War and Peace Economic and Commercial Matters "Growth Areas" in International Law: Human Rights and the Environment Conclusion Afterword: Hugo Grotius and Freedom of the Seas Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 3 International Relations and World Politics in Historical Perspective International Systems: Definition and Scope Four Types of International Systems Historical International Systems: An Overview The Persian Empire Classical Greece: Independent State and Hegemonic Systems India: Independent State and Imperial Systems The Roman Empire Medieval Europe and the Feudal System The Rise of the European Independent State System The Emergence of Collective Hegemony The Globalization of the European System Twentieth-Century Hegemonic Systems in a Global Context Dual Hegemony During the Cold War: A Closer Look Conclusion Afterword: Thucydides' The Melian Dialogue Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 4 Thinking Theoretically What Is a Theory, and Why Should You Care? Explaining the U.S. Invasion of Iraq The Levels of Analysis Critical and Postmodern Challenges to Positivist Science Assessing the Challenges to Mainstream Science and Positivism Normative Theory Perspectives How Realists See a World of Power and Balance of Power Among States How Liberals See a Pluralist World of Multiple Actors and TransnationalInteractions How Global Economic Structuralists See a World of Dominance and Exploitation How English School Rationalists See the World as an International or World Politics How Others Interpret the World-Feminist, Constructivist, Critical Theory, and Post- Modernist Interpretations Afterword: Max Weber On Interpretive Understandingr Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Part II State Security and Statecraft Chapter 5 Power: Interests, Objectives, and Capabilities of States Framework: Interests, Objectives, Threats, and Opportunities Elements of the Framework Policy-Making Conflicts over Interests and Objectives Prioritization of Objectives Competing Domestic and Foreign Policy Objectives From Objectives to Specific Policies and Underlying Assumptions States versus Other Actors Capabilities and Power: Translating Objectives into Realities Political Capabilities Social and Cultural Capabilities Geographic, Economic, and Technological Capabilities Military Capabilities Measuring Power Conclusion Afterword: The Downing Street Memo and The Downing Street Minutes Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 6 Diplomacy: Managing Relations among States Definition and Scope Diplomacy, Private Citizens, and NGOs The Historical Development of Diplomacy Diplomatic Machinery and Processes Recognition of States and Governments Diplomatic Immunities and Protections The Organization of Diplomatic Missions Diplomatic Incentives and Disincentives The Ways and Means of Diplomatic Communications Getting-to-Yes Conclusion Afterword: George Kennan's Long Telegram Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 7 Force: War, Just Wars, and Armed Intervention The Rationalities and Irrationalities of Interstate War The Causes of War International System Level of Analysis Individual and Group Levels of Analysis State and Societal Levels of Analysis National Strategy and the Use of Force Restraining War: Moral and Legal Principles and the Use of Force Pacificism and Bellicism Just-War Theory Conduct during War Noncombatants Law, Armed Intervention, and World Politics Intervention and Civil Wars Humanitarian Intervention Law, Force, and National Security Conclusion Afterword: Thomas Hobbes on The Natural Condition of Mankind Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Part III International Security Chapter 8 International Cooperation and International Security: International Organizations, Alliances, and Coalitions Anarchy, Cooperation, Harmony, and Discord World Government Alliances, Coalitions, and International Organizations Collective Security Peacekeeping: Managing and Controlling Conflicts Functional Collaboration in Specialized Agencies, Other International Organizations, and Regimes Conclusion Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Appendices: The United Nations Charter and the North Atlantic Treaty United Nations Charter (1945) The North Atlantic Treaty (1949) Appendix: Functional International Organizations as Specialized Agencies and Other United Nations Organs Chapter 9 Controlling Global Armaments Disarmament and Arms Control Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance Alternative Deterrence Doctrines Minimum or Finite Deterrence Minimum Deterrence: India, Pakistan, and Other New Nuclear Weapons States 253 Deterrence through Assured (and Mutually Assured) Destruction and Defensive Efforts to Limit Damage Defense Warfighting The End of the Cold War and Implications for Arms Control, Deterrence, Defense, and Warfighting Doctrines Deterrence Theory: Some Concerns Weapons Proliferation Nuclear Weapons and Materiel Chemical and Biological Weapons Ballistic Missiles Conventional Weapons Conclusion Afterword: The Nonproliferation Treaty Tutorial Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 10 International Terrorism and Transnational Crime Terrorism The Causes of Terrorism The Extent of Terrorism The Changing Nature of Terrorism Responses Transnational Crime and Globalization Case Study: The United States, Latin America, and Drugs Conclusion Afterword: Osama bin Laden's Fatwah against Americans (1998) Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Part IV the Global Economy Chapter 11 Global Economy: Politics and Capitalism Global Political Economy The Emergence and Development of Capitalism as a Worldwide Form of Political Economy Identifying the Attributes of Capitalist Political Economy The Passing of Feudalism and the New Politics of Capitalism, Mercantilism, and Liberalism The Progressive Globalization of Capitalism The Twentieth-Century Debate on Global Commerce Trade Regime Monetary Regime Investment Regime The North-South Divide A Look Ahead Conclusion Afterword: Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 12 The Political Economy of International Trade, Money, and Regional Integration Classical Trade Theory and Comparative Advantage Neoclassical and Subsequent Economic Thought on How the Global Political Economy Works The Impact of Technological Innovation on Free-Trade Theory Trade and Finance An International Monetary Regime for Financing International Commerce International Organizations and International Monetary Regime Maintenance Political Choices: How Much Capital Should the IMF Have and for What Purposes? Political Choices: What Next for the WTO? Regional Economic Integration and Global Commerce EC and EU Enlargement: Widening the Geographical Scope versus Deepening the Level of Integration Is Europe Unique? Conclusion Afterword: David Ricardo's Political Economy and Foreign Trade Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 13 The Political Economy of Investment and Sustainable Development Optimists and Pessimists Third World Poverty and Capital Formation Aid Loans Direct Foreign Investment Trade Other Constraints Economic Structuralist Critiques and Perspectives Dependency Theory Capitalist World-System Theory Conclusion Afterword: John Hobson on Imperialism Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 14 The Global Environment A Global Perspective Atmosphere Land Forests Biodiversity Freshwater Coastal and Marine Areas The Environment and Security International Organizations and the Environment Transnational Organizations and the Environment Global Population Conclusion Afterword: Thomas Malthus' On Population Key Terms Additional Readings Part V Identity and Civil Society Chapter 15 Religion, Nationalism, and Conflicting Identities Religion Islam Nations, Ethnic Groups, and States Nations and Nationalism Binational States Multinational, Multitribal, and Other Multiethnic States Nation-States and Nations without States Approaches to Dealing with Nationalism and Ethnicity National Self-Determination Alternative Approaches to Maintaining Unity in Binational, Multinational, and Multiethnic States Social and Economic Approaches to Intercommunal Peace Conclusion Appendix: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 16 Humanitarianism: Human Rights and Refugees Human Rights and the Human Condition Justice: The Universality of Human Rights versus State Sovereignty Human Rights and the Liberal Tradition Human Rights across Cultures Culturally Specific Rights and Values Toward Global Society and Values That Transcend Diverse Cultures From Theory to Fact Machinery for Human Rights Issues and Cases Regional Human Rights Efforts in Europe Other Regional Human Rights Efforts NGOs and Human Rights Refugees An International Regime for Refugees Conclusion Afterword: Immanuel Kant's Morality and Politics Appendices: Human Rights, Humanitarian Law, and the Treatment of Prisoners and Detainees Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1947) Geneva Convention IV Magna Carta (1215) Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens (1789) The U.S. Bill of Rights Universal Declaration of Human Rights Key Terms Other Concepts Additional Readings Chapter 17 Questions in Lieu of Conclusions Final Words Additional Readings