An examination of one of key events in history - the Russian Revolution. Since the late Gorbachev period, a wealth of new material has become available to historians which has triggered intense scholarly debate on the nature of the revolution. This timely new book takes account of the new scholarship and argues that while the initial flexibility of Lenin and the Bolshevik Party allowed them to take power, the conduct of both changed considerably once they were obliged to take steps to maintain their authority. Charting the February and October Revolutions, the Civil War and the key individuals involved, and including a fascinating collection of source material in the Documents Section, David Marples illuminates and clarifies one of defining events of the twentieth century. Informed by new debates on the nature of the Revolution. Introductory overview, followed by detailed chapters on the February Revolution, the October Revolution and the Civil War. Main text supported by primary documents, a chronology of events, and a glossary of terms.