MINDSCAPES, a college reading text based on the premise that the brain learns best through organization of information, shows students the way to success by teaching them to think about reading in a way that will not only increase their ability to read, but also their desire to read, their comprehension and their memory.
Table of Contents
UNIT 1: READING FOR STRUCTURE. (THEME: THE BRAIN: MEMORY, LEARNING AND SUBSTANCE USE). 1.Understanding Structure: Active Reading Strategies. Pre Assessment: 5 Things You Must Never Forget by Greg Soltis STUDY STRATEGIES: Using Your Motivation, Time Management, and Learning Styles Motivation: The Key to Success On Your Own: Are You Motivated? Setting Achievable Goals Quick Tips: 10 Tips for Setting Goals On Your Own: Setting Your Long-Term, Intermediate, & Short-Term Goals Time Management Learning Styles VARK Quick Tips: Working with Your VARK Learning Style Before, During, After Reading Multiple Intelligences. Quick Tips: Choose Your Study Environment On Your Own: Applying Study Skills to Goal Setting ACTIVE READING Metacognition. Memory and How the Brain Processes Information Sensory Memory Working (Short Term) Memory Long Term Memory Forgetting Quick Tips: Memory and Study Strategies for College Success Purpose for Reading Surveying and Previewing a Reading Surveying a Reading Questioning: Creating Guide Questions Thinking It Through: Formulating Good Guide Questions On Your Own: Surveying a Reading Previewing a Reading. IDENTIFYING TOPIC. Thinking It Through: Identifying Topic. Quick Tips: Identifying Topic. On Your Own: Identifying Topic. HOLISTIC READING STRATEGIES SQ3R and SQ4R PQ4R KWL On Your Own: Applying Reading Strategies. VOCABULARY STRATEGY: Using Context Clues Thinking It Through: Using Context Clues On Your Own: Using Context Clues UNDERSTANDING GRAPHICS: Applying Topic and Questioning to Visual Aids Thinking It Through: Applying Questioning to Graphs On Your Own: Applying Questioning to Graphs APPLICATIONS. Application 1: The Three R's of Remembering: Record, Retain, Retrieve by Constance Staley. Application 2: Increase Your Memory Power by Carol Kanar. Application 3 Inside the Mind of a Savant by Darold A. Treffert and Daniel D.Christensen. Post Assessment: The Spotless Mind by Michael Rosenwald. 2. Understanding Structure: Patterns of Organization and Supporting Details. Pre Assessment: Alcohol Stunts Neuron Generation by Carolyn Seydel. RECOGNIZING PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATION. The Importance of Patterns of Organization. Quick Tips: Benefits of Recognizing Patterns of Organization. How to View Patterns of Organization. What Function Do Patterns of Organization Serve? The Role of Transition Words . Supporting Details. Major and Minor Details. Categories of Organizational Patterns. Patterns That List. Quick Tips: When Is a List a List? Patterns That Explain. Patterns That Analyze. Quick Tips: Steps to Determining Organizational Pattern. Thinking It Through: Mixed Patterns. On Your Own: Identifying Patterns of Organization in Shorter Passages. Thinking It Through: Identifying an Overall Pattern of Organization in Longer Readings. Quick Tips: Patterns of Organization Facts On Your Own: Identifying Topic and Patterns. RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN IDEAS. Thinking It Through: Finding Relationships between Ideas On Your Own: Finding Relationships between Ideas. STUDY STRATEGY: Paraphrase to Aid Comprehension. Thinking It Through: Paraphrasing a Reading. On Your Own: Paraphrasing a Reading. Quick Tips: How to Paraphrase. VOCABULARY STRATEGY: Identifying Prefixes and Suffixes. Prefixes. On Your Own: Using Prefixes to Alter the Meaning of a Word Suffixes. On Your Own: Using Suffixes to Alter the Part of Speech of a Word. UNDERSTANDING GRAPHICS: Identifying Patterns and Supporting Details. Thinking It Through: Seeing the Relationships between Ideas in Graphics. On Your Own: Seeing the Relationship between Ideas in Graphics. APPLICATIONS. Application 1: Is Marijuana Dangerous? by Douglas A. Bernstein, Louis A. Penner, Alison Clarke-Stewart and Edward J. Roy. Application 2: Alcohol and the Adolescent Brain by Scott Swartzwelder. Application 3: Drugs and the Brain. Post Assessment: Trading for a High by Carolyn Banta. Unit 1: Textbook Application. Laura Freberg, "Chapter 16 Psychological Disorders", from Discovering Biological Psychology. UNIT 2: READING FOR MAIN IDEAS. (THEME: COMMUNICATION AND CONFLICT ACROSS CULTURES. 3. Understanding Explicit Main Ideas. Pre-Assessment: The Differences between Boys and Girls ... at the Office by Marjory Weinstein. AUTHOR'S PURPOSE. To Inform. To Instruct. To Persuade. To Entertain On Your Own: Determining an Author's Purpose. MAIN IDEA. Purpose Is Linked to Main Idea Topic, Purpose, Pattern for Supporting Details and Main Idea Are Intertwined. The Difference between Topic and Main Idea. Quick Tips: Things to Remember about Main Idea Finding the Main Idea. Quick Tips: Steps to Finding the Main Idea. Quick Tips: Steps to Checking the Main Idea. Where Are Explicit Main Ideas Located? Explicit Main Idea in a Whole Reading. Explicit Main Idea in a Subsection of a Reading. Explicit Main Idea in a Paragraph--The Topic Sentence. On Your Own: Determining Topic Sentences within Paragraphs. Thinking It Through: Finding the Main Idea of a Whole Reading On Your Own: Finding the Main Idea. STUDY STRATEGY: Summarizing to Express Main Idea and Supporting Details. Quick Tips: Summary Essentials. How to Write a Summary Thinking It Through: Summarizing a Reading. On Your Own: Summarizing a Reading VOCABULARY STRATEGY: Recognizing Root Words. On Your Own: Recognizing Root Words UNDERSTANDING GRAPHICS: Finding the Main Idea in Visual Aids. On Your Own: Finding the Main Idea in Bar Graphs. APPLICATIONS. Application 1: We Just Clicked by Lisa Takeuchi Cullen and Coco Masters. Application 2: Diversity and Cultural Contacts: Interpreting through Different I's by Teri Kwal Gamble and Michael W. Gamble. Application 3: MySpace Faces Stiff Competition in Japan by Yuri Kageyama. Post Assessment: The Pitfalls of E-mail by Marina Krakovsky. 4. Understanding Implied Main Ideas. Pre-Assessment: Like Humans, Chimps Bow to Social Pressure by Bjorn Carey. MAKING INFERENCES AND DRAWING CONCLUSIONS. Inferences and Your Background Knowledge Quick Tips: Steps to Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions. Thinking It Through: Making Reasonable Inferences & Drawing Logical Conclusions. On Your Own: Making Reasonable Inferences & Drawing Logical Conclusions. IMPLIED MAIN IDEA. Topic + Existing Sentence = Implied Main Idea. Sentence + Sentence = Implied Main Idea. General Statement Based on Supporting Details= Implied Main Idea. Steps to Finding the Implied Main Idea. Quick Tips: Writing Implied Main Idea Statements. On Your Own: Finding Implied Main Ideas in Paragraphs. Thinking It Through: Finding the Implied Main Idea of a Longer Reading On Your Own: Finding the Implied Main Idea of a Whole Reading On Your Own: Formulating Implied Main Ideas. UNDERSTANDING GRAPHICS: Finding Implied Main Ideas in Visual Aids and Cartoons. On Your Own: Finding Implied Main Ideas in Visual Aids and Cartoons. VOCABULARY STRATEGY: Understanding Figurative Language On Your Own: Recognizing Figurative Language. STUDY STRATEGY: Reading and Understanding Literature. Quick Tips: Steps to Finding the Main Idea of Literature Elements to Consider When Reading Literature. Quick Tips: Elements to Consider When Reading Literature. Thinking It Through: Analyzing a Poem. On Your Own: Analyzing a Poem. APPLICATIONS. Application 1: Organized Crime - American Mafia. Application 2: A Brief History of the Salem Witch Trials by Jess Blumberg. Application 3: The Lottery by Shirley Jackson. Post Assessment: Study: Office Bullies Create Workplace 'Warzone by Jeanna Bryner. Unit 2: Textbook Application. Perry/Baker/Hollinger, "Chapter 24 World War I and Its Aftermath: The Last Generation and the Jazz Age" from The Humanities in the Western Tradition. UNIT 3: READING FOR STUDY. (THEME: EDUCATION AND RESPONSIBILITY). 5. Understanding Text Marking and Annotation. Pre Assessment: Losing Global Ground by Lynn Olson. STUDY STRATEGIES: Critical Thinking and Using Question/Answer Relationships (QAR) As A Study Aid. READING RATE. Quick Tips: Calculating Reading Rate. USING TEXTBOOK FEATURES. On Your Own: Finding Textbook Features. MARKING AND ANNOTATING TEXT. Why Use Text Marking? How to Mark a Text Quick Tips: Suggested Techniques for Marking a Text. Quick Tips: The "SOUL" Method of Taking Notes. Thinking It Through: Marking a Text. On Your Own: Marking a Text VOCABULARY STRATEGY: Improving Your College-level Vocabulary. Using a Dictionary Recognizing Common College Vocabulary. On Your Own: Using the Dictionary with the Top 100 Vocabulary Words. Quick Tips: Recognizing Commonly Misused Words. UNDERSTANDING GRAPHICS: Reading Complex Tables. Thinking It Through: Applying Inference to a Complex Table. On Your Own: Reading Complex Tables. Application 1: Get In, Show Up, Drop Out by Alex Kingsbury. Application 2: Math Anxiety Saps Working Memory Needed To Do Math by Julie Steenhuysen. Application 3: Development of Achievement Motivation. Post Assessment: Linking Learning to Earning by Lynn Olson. 6. Understanding Text Note-Taking. Pre Assessment: Arguments For and Against Social Responsibility by Ricky W. Griffin. STUDY STRATEGIES: Taking Notes in Class and Succeeding on Tests in College. Double Column Notes. Cornell Notes. Quick Tips: Taking Good College Notes in College Classes How to Take Tests in College. Objective Tests. Quick Tips: General Tips for Taking Objective Tests. Essay Exams. Types of Essay Questions. COLLEGE READING IN THE DISCIPLINES. NOTE-TAKING FROM READING. Quick Tips: Using the SOUL Method for Taking Notes. Outlines. Thinking It Through: Creating an Outline. On Your Own: Creating an Outline. On Your Own: Creating a Topic Outline. Graphic Organizers: Webs, Clusters, Maps Charts. Double Column Notes. Quick Tips: Note-Taking Methods. Thinking It Through: Taking Notes from a Reading. On Your Own: Taking Notes from a Reading. VOCABULARY STRATEGIES: Studying Vocabulary. Textbook Glossaries. Learning Key Terms. Method 1: Dedicated Notebook for Vocabulary. Method 2: Vocabulary Cards. On Your Own: Create Vocabulary Cards. UNDERSTANDING GRAPHICS: Reading and Understanding Diverse Graphic Formats. On Your Own: Reading and Understanding Diverse Graphic Formats. Application 1: Report: Teen Birth Rate Hits Record Low by Jennifer Kerr. Application 2: Racial Injustice. Application 3: Planet's Population Hit 6.5 Billion Saturday by Leonard David. Post Assessment Future Use of Natural Resources by Chernicoff, Fox, and Tanner. Unit 3: Textbook Application. Grace Huerta, "Chapter 4 Equity and Education Practice," from Diverse Histories, Diverse Perspectives. UNIT 4: READING CRITICALLY. (THEME: CRIME, MEDICINE AND ETHICS). 7. Understanding Arguments. Pre Assessment: Innocent Suspects Confess Under Pressure By LiveScience Staff. STUDY STRATEGIES: How to Read a Variety of Sources. How to Read an Essay. Quick Tips: Important Information to Note When Reading an Essay. How to Read a Newspaper Article Quick Tips: Important Information to Note When Reading a Newspaper Article. How to Read a Newspaper Editorial. Quick Tips: Important Information to Note When Reading an Editorial. How to Read a Research Study. The Structure of a Research Study. How to Approach Research Study Reading. Quick Tips: Important Information to Note When Reading a Research Study. READING CONTROVERSIAL TEXT. Prescriptive Versus Descriptive Writing. Quick Tips: Distinguishing Prescriptive Writing from Descriptive Writing Mapping Arguments. Thinking It Through: Mapping an Argument. On Your Own: Mapping an Argument. Fact and Opinion. Quick Tips: Differences between Facts and Opinions. On Your Own: Recognizing Fact and Opinion. Types of Support for Arguments. Thinking It Through: Identifying Fact, Opinion, and Support for Point of View. On Your Own: Identifying Fact, Opinion, and Support for Point of View. Thinking It Through: Mapping an Argument and Recognizing Support. On Your Own: Mapping an Argument and Recognizing Support VOCABULARY STRATEGY: Recognizing Bias and Tone: Denotation and Connotation and Loaded Language. Connotation and Denotation. Bias and Tone. Loaded Language On Your Own: Recognizing Loaded Language. UNDERSTANDING GRAPHICS: Distinguishing Fact from Opinion in Visuals. On Your Own: Distinguishing Fact from Opinion in Visuals Application 1: The Social Psychology of False Confessions: Compliance, Internalization, and Confabulation by Saul M. Kassin and Katherine L. Kiechel. Application 2: Theory Links Lead Exposure, Crime by Shankar Vedantam. Application 3: The Devil in Confessions by Elizabeth F. Loftus. Post Assessment: The Real Crime: 1,000 Errors in Fingerprint Matching Every Year by LiveScience Staff. 8. Evaluating Arguments. Pre Assessment: Doctors Back Plan to Store Medical Info Under Your Skin. STUDY STRATEGY: Recognizing Deductive and Inductive Reasoning. Deductive Reasoning Inductive Reasoning. Quick Tips: Recognizing Deductive and Inductive Reasoning. On Your Own: Recognizing Deductive and Inductive Reasoning. DECONSTRUCTING AND EVALUATING ARGUMENTS. Evaluating Reasoning in an Argument. Quick Tips: Steps to Evaluating an Argument. Determining If Support Is Relevant. Errors in Reasoning. Logical Fallacies: Unintentional Errors in Reasoning. Propaganda and Card Stacking: Intentional Errors in Reasoning. Quick Tips: Determining Validity or Relevance of Support. On Your Own: Identifying Errors in Reasoning. Determining If an Argument Is Sound. Quick Tips: Determining if an Argument Is Sound. Quick Tips: Recognizing Errors in Reasoning. On Your Own: Identifying Errors in Reasoning. Quick Tips: Evaluating an Argument. Thinking It Through: Evaluating an Argument. On Your Own: Evaluating an Argument. VOCABULARY STRATEGY: Intended Meaning: Euphemisms and Doublespeak. Euphemisms. Doublespeak On Your Own: Identifying Euphemisms and Doublespeak. UNDERSTANDING GRAPHICS: Recognizing Propaganda in Advertisements. On Your Own: Identifying Propaganda in Advertisements. Application 1: Preventing Memory Loss: Pro: Should we encourage use of scientific techniques to enhance memory and other cognitive functions? by Ronald Bailey; Con: CON by Expert Group on Cognitive Enhancements. Application 2: Our View: Organ Donations Fall Short; Financial Incentives Can Help by U.S.A Today editorial staff; Opposing view: Organs aren't commodities by Charles B. Fruit. Application 3: Amnesia Is the New Bliss by Chuck Klosterman. Post Assessment: Hoping for a Girl by Jeff Grossman Unit 4: Textbook Application. Suzanne Samuels, "Chapter 14 Law and Medicine," from Law, Politics, and Society. APPENDIX. World & United States Maps.