Functionally Graded Materials (FGMs) are multifunctional materials which exhibit spatial variations in composition and microstructure; created for the specific purpose of achieving variations in thermal, structural or functional properties. They are presently at the forefront of materials research and are receiving worldwide attention. They enjoy a broad range of application; including, for example, biomechanical, automotive, aerospace, mechanical, civil, nuclear and naval engineering. New applications are continually being discovered and developed. This collection of peer-reviewed papers is intended to impart new ideas, state-of-the-art techniques and recent developments in the field of FGMs. The topics covered include: Processing, Manufacturing, Design and Characterization, Modeling and Simulations, Multiscale Multiphysics Modeling, Nano-FGMs, Biomedical and Eco-materials, Biomimetic Materials, Multifunctional Materials, Energy Conversion Materials and Devices, Topology Optimization and Homogenization, Thin Films and Coatings, Surfaces and Interfaces, Computational Techniques, Testing and Characterization, Industrial Applications and Commercialization.
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