Unique in providing an overview of the subject on the scientific level, this book presents the current state of the art with regard to different aspects of sustainable energy production and its efficient storage. The broad scope ranges from nanomaterials for energy production, via fuel cells and nanostructured materials for fuel production, right up to supercapacitors and climate change. Edited by a rising star within the community, this is an invaluable work on a hot topic for materials scientists, solid state, surface and physical chemists, as well as those chemists working in industry and chemical engineers.
Table of Contents
PART I: Sustainable Energy Production NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION Energy Challenge in the 21st Century and Nanotechnology Nanotechnology in Energy Production NANOTECHNOLOGY IN DYE-SENSITIZED PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICES Introduction Semiconductors and Optical Absorption Dye Molecular Engineering The Stable Self-Assembling Dye Monomolecular Layer The Nanostructured Semiconductor THERMAL-ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONVERSION FROM THE NANOTECHNOLOGY PERSPECTIVE Introduction Established Bulk Thermoelectric Materials Selection Criteria for Bulk Thermoelectric Materials Survey of Size Effects Thermoelectric Properties on the Nanoscale: Modeling and Metrology Experimental Results and Discussions NANOMATERIALS FOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES Introduction Low-Temperature Fuel Cells High-Temperature Fuel Cells THE CONTRIBUTION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY TO HYDDROGEN PRODUCTION Introduction Hydrogen Production by Semiconductor Nanomaterials PART II: Efficient Energy Storage NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE Introduction Hydrogen Storage by Physisorption Hydrogen Storage by Chemisorption ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE: THE BENEFITS OF NANOMATERIALS Introduction Nanomaterials for Energy Storage Nanostructured Electrodes and Interfaces for the Electrochemical Storage of Energy CARBON-BASED NANOMATERIALS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE Introduction Nanotexture and Surface Functionality of sp2 Carbons Supercapacitors Lithium-Ion Batteries NANOMATERIALS FOR SUPERCONDUCTORS FROM THE ENERGY PERSPECTIVE Overcoming Limitations to Superconductors' Performance Flux Pinning by Nanoscale Defects The Grain Boundary Problem Anisotropic Current Properties Enhancing Naturally Occurring Nanoscale Defects Artificial Introduction of Flux Pinning Nanostructures Self-Assembled Nanostructures Control of Epitaxy-Enabling Atomic Sulfur Superstructure PART III: Energy Sustainability GREEN NANOFABRICATION: UNCONVENTIONAL APPROACHES FOR THE CONSERVATIVE USE OF ENERGY Introduction Green Approaches to Nanofabrication Future Directions: Toward "Zero-Cost" Fabrication NANOCATALYSIS FOR FUEL PRODUCTION Introduction Petroleum Refining Naphtha Reforming Hydrotreating Cracking Hydrocracking Conversion of Syngas Water-Gas Shift Methanol Synthesis Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) Methanation Nanocatalysis for Bioenergy The Future SURFACE-FUNCTIONALIZED NANOPOROUS CATALYSTS TOWARDS BIOFUEL APPLICATIONS Introduction Immobilization Strategies of Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts Design of More Efficient Heterogeneous Catalysts with Enhanced Reactivity and Selectivity Other Heterogeneous Catalyst System on Non-Silica Support NANOTECHNOLOGY FOR CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE Introduction CO2 Capture Processes Nanotechnology for CO2 Capture Porous Coordination Polymers for CO2 Capture NANOSTRUCTURED ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES Introduction Quantum Confinement and Charge Balance for OLEDs and PLEDs Phosphorescent Materials for OLEDs and PLEDs Multi-Photon Emission and tandem Structure for OLEDs and PLEDs The Enhancement of Light Out-Coupling Outlook for the Future of Nanostructured OLEDs and PLEDs ELECTROCHROMIC MATERIALS AND DEVICES FOR ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS Introduction Electrochromic Materials Electrochromic Devices
Javier Garcia-Martinez is the Director of the Molecular Nanotechnology Lab at the University of Alicante (Spain) and co-founder of Rive Technology, Inc., an MIT spin-off commercializing advanced nanocatalysts for clean energy applications developed by Javier during his postdoctoral research. Previously, he worked at the California Institute of Technology (CalTech) and UC Berkeley. Javier has received the TR 35 Award from MIT?s Technology Review magazine in 2007 and the Europa Medal, awarded annually to the outstanding European chemist under the age of 35. In 2009, the World Economic Forum recognized him as one of the Young Global Leaders. Since 2008, Javier is titular member of the Inorganic Chemistry Division of IUPAC. His research interests include a broad range of nanomaterials, mesoporous solids, zeolites, and catalysis, specially for energy-related applications.