In a broad sense, education refers to any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character, or physical ability of an individual. Adult education has become common in many countries. It takes on many forms, ranging from formal class-based learning to self-directed learning. It often takes place in the workplace, at secondary schools or at a college or university level. Similarly, vocational education prepares learners for jobs that are based in manual or practical activities. Vocational education can also be at the secondary or post-secondary level. Alternatively, medical education refers to the education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner. Medical education and training varies considerably across the world. This book reviews the most current research done on these topics from around the globe.