Organised crime has taken on an increasingly transnational nature, and with more open borders and the expansion of the Internet, criminals endanger the United States not only from within the borders, but beyond. Threats come from a variety of criminal organisations, including Russian, Asian, Italian, Balkan, Middle Eastern, and African syndicates. Policymakers may question whether the tools they have provided the federal government to combat organised crime are still effective for countering today's evolving risks. In the wake of the economic downturn, organised crime could further weaken the economy with illegal activities (such as cigarette trafficking and tax evasion scams) that result in a loss of tax revenue for state and federal governments. On the national security front, experts and policymakers have expressed concern over a possible nexus between organised crime and terrorism. Despite the difference in motivation for organised crime (profit) and terrorism (ideology), the linking element of the two is money.
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