Richard Long walks. This is the central fact of his art. His work is founded on the art of walking, and on walking as art. His walks become 'artwalks', artwalks which become artworks. For Richard Long, (art)walking is (art)working. As he walks he works. He makes art-walk-works. Art-walking and artworking become interchangeable. Born in 1945, the same year as David Nash, Richard Long studied at the West of England College of Art (Bristol) and St Martin's (1966-68). In 1967 Long made his first important walk-work, A Line Made By Walking. Like most land artists, Long makes indoor (gallery) works and outdoor works (not intended for public consumption). He also produces art books, which are not typical exhibition catalogues, but artworks in their own right, usually with text works, photo works, and sometimes map works.Long's has had one-man shows at most of the major Western galleries, including the Whitechapel (1971), MOMA, New York (1972), Venice Biennale (1976), Arnolfini (1983), Fogg Art Museum (1980), Stedelijk, Amsterdam (1973), Guggenheim, New York (1986), Hayward Gallery, London (1991), and many one-man shows at Anthony d'Offay Gallery in London, which have produced art books (Mountains and Waters, 1992, Sixteen Works, 1984, Five, Six, Pick Up Sticks, 1980, Old World New World, 1988, Kicking Stones, 1990, and River Avon Book, 1979).
Richard Long is perhaps Britain's most successful 'nature' or 'land' artist and sculptor, with an international reputation. In 1987 he won the Turner Prize. Critics either love him or (like Peter Fuller) hate him. There is a sea of articles and magazines pieces on Richard Long, but this is one of the few full-length studies of his art.