Single Camera Video Production, fifth edition is intended for the beginning media student and as a reference for experienced media professionals to review the rapidly changing technology and production techniques in the digital media production field. Single Camera Video Production provides an overview of the entire video production process and is especially geared to present production techniques used in single-camera video production. Presented in a concise, easy-to-understand format, readers gain the insight they need to create their own (digital) video productions. Clear illustrations demonstrate the techniques presented in the book. This new edition expands the concentration on digital equipment and production techniques applicable to single camera video production. Field production is accentuated without ignoring studio single camera production. There is also detailed coverage of digital non-linear editing, digital audio, and lighting for digital productions.
A new section is included on production workflow designed to carry out the importance of advanced and consistent planning of a production from audience analysis to format choices and eventual distribution methods that must start during the preproduction stage. Presented in an easy to follow, two-page spread layout, the topics are concise and clear. More than 100 new illustrations show the latest equipment and techniques. An expanded production bibliography and glossary complete the additions to this book. Don't miss the other Media Manuals from Focal Press! Check out Grammar of the Shot 2e and Grammar of the Edit 2e. Praise for the last edition: "Single-Camera Video Production is easy reading for the newcomer yet it has enough depth for the video professional. Chapters on digital video, nonlinear editing and a full description of pre-production treatments and contracts make it an excellent resource." - Videomaker "The Focal Press Media Manual series sets out to deliver practical advice, technical know-how and practical skills in a direct, no-nonsense way, without information overload, making sure the essentials are all well-covered.
Musburger's Single Camera Video Production, now in its fourth edition, faithfully sticks to this format, with surprising clarity for a complex technology...What is really good about this manual is that it explains every aspect of production and every role on set, but also how they dovetail to support each other...This is a manual that as the name suggests, you should keep close at hand. It is invaluable as a quick-access reference...a pocket book that will pay for itself time and time again throughout many productions." - www.shootingpeople.org
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 PRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY The Production Process Importance of Goals-Audience Analysis Importance of Work Flow Difference Between Studio and Field Production Importance of Technology Chapter 2 THE TECHNOLOGY Connecting the real world to the digital world Limitations of equipment Audio Signals Frequency Measuring Audio Signals Compression Video Signals Synchronization Scan Systems Measuring Video Signals Chapter 3 THE EQUIPMENT Equipment Development Cameras Camera Types Handheld Cameras HDV Professional camera Broadcast Camera Digital Cinema Camera Specialized Digital Cameras Image Sources and Optics Tubes Chips Optics Focal Length Focus Aperture Depth of Field Viewfinder and Camera Controls Viewfinder Camera Controls Bars/Gain Selector Color Temperature Control/Filter Selector White Balance Camera Supports Tripods and Body Mounts Cranes, Dollies, Pedestals Hand-Holding the Camera DIGITAL RECORDING Recording Recorder Operation CONNECTING EQUIPMENT Cable Coiling Power Connectors and Plugs Audio Connectors Video Connectors Digital Connectors AUDIO Microphone Types Element Construction Pickup Pattern Mounting devices Non-Microphone Audio Sources Which Audio Track to Use LIGHTING Floodlights Focusing Spotlights Fixed-Focus Instruments Controlling Light Power Sources Color Temperature Measuring Light Intensity Lighting Ratio Contrast Ratio Chapter 4 THE PRODUCTION PROCESS -PREPRODUCTION PRELIMINARY FORMS The Proposal Treatment Legal Considerations SCRIPT FORMATS Scene Script Shooting Script Script Formats Single-Column Format Dual-Column Format ORGANIZING FORMS Storyboards Location Scouting Site Survey Organizing equipment and Crew Chapter 5 THE PRODUCTION PROCESS-PRODUCTION Production Stages and Setup Setting Up Field Equipment Considerations Camera Set-up Audio Preparation Prompting Devices Sets and Properties Lighting Preparation Controlling Color Temperature Controlling Light Intensity Contrast Range Basic Three-point Lighting Back Light Key Light Fill Light Kicker and Set Lights Multiple and/or Moving Subjects Creative Lighting Mood Lighting Lighting for Time, Date, Location C. Directing and Rehearsing Directing Talent Rehearsal Shooting Shooting and Framing Standard Shot Names Framing Principles Critical Area Aspect Ratio Lead Room or Edge Attraction The Rule of Thirds Creating Movement Camera Movement Movement Through Zooms Z-Axis Movement Graphic Force Movement The Third Movement - Editing Shoot to Edit Continuity of Action Continuity of Direction Continuity of Location Cover Shots In-Camera Effects Iris Fades Roll or Rack Focus Swish Pans and Zooms Reversing Polarity Digital In-Camera Effects Logging and Striking Striking Chapter 6 THE POSTPRODUCTION PROCESS THE SOUL OF PRODUCTION Editing depends on aesthetic and equipment knowledge and skills EDITING CONCEPT BASIC PROCESS PROCESS BACKGROUND Non-Linear Film Linear Electronic Non-Linear Electronic Linear Electronic Non-Linear Electronic Hardware Editing Equipment Accessories Software PHYSICAL PROCESS CHOICES & DECISIONS TECHNICAL PROCESS Editing Operating Methods Basic Editing Transitions Titles Adding Audio Rendering THE AESTHETIC PROCESS OUTPUT-DISTRIBUTION Preparing to output/export Output Process Destination Choices Chapter 7 YOUR FUTURE Introduction Internship The Application Process Resume Writing Composing a Cover Letter The Portfolio The Interview Summary GLOSSARY BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEX
Robert B. Musburger, Ph.D. is Professor Emeritus and former Director of the School of Communication, University of Houston. He has worked for 20 years in professional broadcasting, serving as camera operator, director, producer, and writer and has received numerous awards for his video work and teaching. His published writing includes "Electronic News Gathering: A Guide to ENG" (Focal), "Single-camera Video Production, Fifth Edition"(Focal), and, with Gorham Kindem, "Introduction to Media Production: From Analog to Digital, Fourth Edition" (Focal).