This book starts with concepts of bone, its structure, remodelling, materials for implants and implant testing methods. Calcium phosphate ceramics and need for titanium surface modification are detailed in the initial chapters. Surface modification techniques include plasma spraying, sol-gel, biomimetic, electrochemical, laser, sputtering and ion-implantation methods. Chapters 5 to 19 deal with these modification techniques. Chapters 20-22 deal with less-common methods titanium nitride coating, protein modification, diamond like carbon coating and ultraviolet treatment. Substituting the apatite lattice with other cations like silicon, magnesium, sodium, carbon, etc is provided. The chapters involving these techniques begin with a small introduction about that technique and go on to explain the underlying principles, methodology and properties of the coats. According to the authors, the book gives a complete overview of almost all the surface modification techniques known, as applied to titanium biomaterials.