In the situation that finds us, the road most travelled is that which we all know best, and which makes us most comfortable. It often is the pathway that brings us to excessive waste, unrecyclable materials and fuels, and arrogant impositions and demands upon communities and surroundings: all in the name of our commodity. We have come to use the word "globalisation" to mean in the minds of many imposing of "my way", because "you are still ignorant of the best way (which is my way, of course)": hence, it is my responsibility, duty and intent "to educate you" to my way. Certainly, this is a rash generalisation, which we will need to address and rectify in the course of this monograph. It nevertheless shines the light unto why, in many instances, the road most travelled is one of unsustainable behaviours, decisions, and actions in the short and long term. By contrast, the road less travelled, actually the road most often not taken , is that which seeks valid, viable and sustainable solutions for the betterment of the individual, local communities, societies, cultures, regions.
Professor Chiappelli was born and raised in Western Europe. He obtained his bachelors (1975), masters (1981) and Ph.D. degrees (1986) at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). Having completed his post-doctoral training at UCLA, he obtained his first NIH 5-year grant and established his laboratory in human fundamental and clinical psychoneuroimmunology at the West Los Angeles Veterans Administration in 1992. In 1994, he was recruited by the UCLA School of Dentistry, which he has served continuously in the tenured faculty track for the last two decades. Professor Chiappelli also served as Special Assistant to the Vice-Provost for Graduate Education at UCLA. Professor Chiappelli, a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Fulbright Alumnus, was conferred an honorary doctorate for his contribution to the establishment of the novel science of comparative effectiveness research in the health sciences in general, and in endodontics in particular, in 2013. Professor Chiappelli also contributes to the graduate health sciences program at the California State University, Northridge (CSUN).