In the final volume of Gibbon's history we cover the The Crusades; Partition of the Empire by the French and Venetians; Greek Emperors of Nice and Constantinople; CIVIL Wars and the Ruin of the Greek Empire; Moguls, Ottoman Turks; Elevation of Timour or Tamerlane, and His Death; Union of the Greek and Latin Churches; Schism of the Greeks and Latins; Reign of Mahomet the Second, Extinction of Eastern Empire; State of Rome From the Twelfth Century; Final Settlement of the Ecclesiastical State; Prospect of the Ruins of Rome in the Fifteenth Century. They take as their material the behavior and decisions that led to the decay and eventual fall of the Roman Empire in the East and West, offering an explanation for why the Roman Empire fell. This work stands as a major literary achievement of the 18th century because it was adopted as a model for the methodologies of modern historians. This led to Gibbon being called the first modern historian of Ancient Rome. Includes unique illustrations.