The dramatic rise in the number of international courts and tribunals and the expansion of their legal powers has been one of the most significant developments in international law of the late 20th century. The emergence of an international judiciary provided international law with a stronger than ever law enforcement apparatus, and facilitated the transformation of many aspects of international relations from being power-based to being law-based. The first edition of the Manual on International Courts and Tribunals, published in 1999, was the first book to survey systematically this new institutional landscape, by describing in an accessible and uniformly structured manner the legal powers and operating procedures of all major international judicial and quasi-judicial bodies. In doing so, it laid the groundwork for comparative study and research of the law and practice of international courts and tribunals - an emerging field of international legal research, which has already spurred a series of publications, conferences and academic courses.
This second edition updates the first edition by describing the many legal changes that have taken place in the last decade, including important reforms in the laws and procedures of many international courts and tribunals, relevant developments in their increasingly rich jurisprudence and the creation of new judicial fora. Moreover, it assesses the overall record of these judicial bodies. The data and legal analysis offered in the book provide both practitioners and academics with an important basis of knowledge that will help them better understand the details of international adjudication and its context.
Ruth Mackenzie is Principal Research Fellow and Deputy Director of the Centre for International Courts and Tribunals at the Faculty of Laws, University College London. She is a director of the Project on International Courts and Tribunals, and a member of the Steering Committee of the DOMAC project (research on the impact of international courts on domestic criminal procedures in mass atrocity cases). Ruth was a lawyer at the Foundation for International
Environmental Law and Development in London from 1994 to 2003, directing FIELD's Biodiversity and Marine Resources programme. Before joining FIELD, she qualified as a solicitor of the Supreme Court of England and Wales. Ruth holds an LL.M in Public International Law and a BSc. (Econ.) from the London School of
Economics and Political Science.
Ruth is a member of the ILA Committee on International Law and Biotechnology and of the IUCN Commission on Environmental Law.
Cesare Romano is Associate Professor of Law at Loyola Law School Los Angeles and one of the Directors of PICT. He holds degrees in three different disciplines (political science, international relations and law) from three countries (Italy, Switzerland and the United States). His expertise is in public international law, and in particular dispute settlement, international environmental law, international human rights and international criminal law. However, it is probably the field
international courts and tribunals where he has made to date the greatest contribution, publishing numerous articles and books.
Prof. Yuval Shany is the Hersch Lauterpacht Chair in International Law at the Law Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He also serves currently as the academic director of the Minerva Center for Human Rights a director in the International Law Forum at the Hebrew University and the Project on International Courts and Tribunals (PICT) and a member of the steering committee of the DOMAC project (assessing the impact of international courts on domestic criminal procedures in mass
Shany has degrees in law from the Hebrew University (LL.B, 1995 cum laude), New York University (LL.M., 1997) and the University of London (Ph.D., 2001) and he has published a number of books and articles on international courts and arbitration tribunals and other international law issues such as international human rights and international humanitarian law.
Shany has taught in a number of law schools in Israel, and has been in recent years a research fellow in Harvard.