This book is a brief introduction to the political and geographical situation of this small Muslim state of northern Caucasus. The present Russian-Chechnya conflict is studied in conjunction with the historical, traditional and religious background of the Chechen people. The 500-year conflict of Russia and Caucus, the present conflict, Russian strategy, the invasion of Chechnya and the Chechen people's struggle for independence are discussed. The motives behind Moscow's actions against Chechnya, the possible outcome of the war and the impact on Russian socio-economic conditions is also covered. This booklet, which provides a wealth of information about the prevailing situation in this region, will be useful for students of history, researchers, and laymen interested in the Trans-Caucasian region.