The purpose of this book is to focus on breakthroughs in translational neuroscience and bio-behavioural research. This book is divided into three separate sections with each reflecting a domain in which advancements have been made. Collectively, these chapters serve to highlight the advancements made in translational neuroscience that have lead to innovative animal modelling, theoretical development and educational curriculum improvement. They should be of interest to persons involved in animal research and concerned about the use of animals in bio-behavioural investigations. This book should serve as the ideal text to promote further progress and development in the neurosciences and animal research.