WESTERN CIVILIZATION: A BRIEF HISTORY, International Edition, maintains a firm grounding in political history, while covering intellectual history (particularly the significance of ideas and contributions) to a greater and deeper extent than any other text for the course. Author Marvin Perry's accessible writing style and flexible approach make this abridged version of WESTERN CIVILIZATION: IDEAS, POLITICS AND SOCIETY an engaging text for instructors and students of the Western Civilization survey course. The most significant addition for the Seventh Edition is the insertion in every chapter of a primary source that illuminates the narrative. The Seventh Edition incorporates current scholarship and new material on the scholarly debate of Biblical minimalists who question the historicity of the Exodus, Christian-Roman and Christian-Jewish relations, nationalism and racial nationalism, the question of responsibility for World War I, communist and Nazi efforts at total control, the European Union, Russia today, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and Al Qaeda and Islamic terrorism. Additionally, a new section dealing with Muslim immigrants in Europe and anti-Semitism has been added to this edition.