This book covers how to analyze awkward working postures of the spine and lower limbs in specific groups exposed. The methods covered suggests how to evaluate the postures correctly in very complex scenarios where workers are involved with multiple tasks and work cycles varying from day to day. Excel spreadsheets located on the authors website have been developed to gather, condense, and automatically process the data. The tools serve to implement the strategy for calculating risk associated with exposure to awkward postures, i.e. the TACOS method. Included are 5 case studies which include physiotherapists, workers from construction, archeological digs, vineyards, and kindergarten teachers.
Daniela Colombini has a degree in Medicine with specialization in Occupational Medicine and in Health Statistics and Epidemiology; European Ergonomist. Since 1985, senior researcher at the Research Unit "Ergonomics of Posture and Movement"-Milan, where she developed methods for the analysis and evaluation of biomechanical overload. She is author of the OCRA method, (standard EN 1005- 5 and ISO 11228-3) and represents Italy in international commissions of CEN and ISO working on biomechanics. She is professor in Florence University and coordinator of sub-group of the Technical Committee on the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders of International Ergonomics Association (IEA). She is founder and President of the EPM IES (International Ergonomics School of Posture and Movement).
Enrico Occhipinti has a degree in medicine with postgraduate specialization in occupational medicine and health statistics at the University of Milano (Italy). He is a Certified European Ergonomist. He is professor at the School of Specialization in Occupational Medicine, University of Milano and Director of the Research Unit Ergonomics of Posture and Movement (EPM) at Fondazione Don Gnocchi ONLUS-Milano. He has devoted more than 30 years on ergonomic issues related to physical ergonomics and the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. He developed and coauthored the OCRA method. He has been coordinator (up to 2012) of the TC on WMSDs of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA) and represents Italy in international commissions of CEN and ISO working on biomechanics.