Some film and novel revisions go so far beyond adaptation that they demand a new designation. This critical collection explores movies, plays, essays, comics and video games that supercede adaptation to radically transform their original sources. Fifte
Phyllis Frus is an associate professor of English and chair of the English department at Hawai'i Pacific University. Christy Williams is an instructor of English at Hawai'i Pacific University and a doctoral candidate at the University of Hawai'i. She lives in Honolulu.