Carbon capture and sequestration (or storage) - known as CCS - is attracting interest as a measure for mitigating global climate change, because potentially large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted from fossil fuel use in the United States could be captured and stored underground. Electricity-generating plants are the most likely initial candidates for CCS because they are predominantly large, single-point sources, and they contribute approximately one-third of U.S. CO2 emissions from fossil fuels. Approaches for capturing CO2 are available that can potentially remove 80%-95% of CO2 emitted from a power plant or large industrial source. Three main types of geological formations are likely candidates for storing large amounts of CO2: oil and gas reservoirs, deep saline reservoirs, and unmineable coal seams. The deep ocean also has a huge potential to store carbon. This book highlights the concerns about climate change that have focused the attention of policy-makers on ways to capture and store carbon dioxide emissions from fossil-fuelled electricity generators.
This book consists of public documents which have been located, gathered, combined, reformatted, and enhanced with a subject index, selectively edited and bound to provide easy access.