This volume posits a critique to the prevalent dichotomy between the mainstream of Indian society and the tribal cultures. Indian Tribes and the Mainstream explores why this dichotomy came into existence and what have been the consequences in the socio-political reality of the nation. Drawing from both micro and macro studies, the contributors question the utility of traditional anthropological discourses on tribal societies. The endeavor to move beyond the straightjacketed approach helps in understanding the nuances and fluidities of cultural boundaries. It also enables the reader to see tribal cultures as both victims and instruments in the social and political processes of nation-building. Further, the volume examines the structure and processes of the tribal society vis- ? -vis their problems, policies, transformation, ethnic discourse, and future. It will be of interest to planners, researchers, and students from both a theoretical perspective and empirical understanding.