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Mariage Et Maetissage Dans Les Sociaetaes Coloniales

Amaeriques, Afriques Et Iles De l'Ocaean Indien (XVIe-XXe Siaecles) = Marriage and Misgeneration in Colonial Societies : Americas, Africa and Islands of the Indian Ocean (XVIth-XXth Centuries)

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Mariage Et Maetissage Dans Les Sociaetaes Coloniales: Amaeriques, Afriques Et Iles De l'Ocaean Indien (XVIe-XXe Siaecles) = Marriage and Misgeneration in Colonial Societies : Americas, Africa and Islands of the Indian Ocean (XVIth-XXth Centuries)
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Description

La conquete de vastes empires coloniaux par les puissances europeennes, suivie par des mouvements migratoires d'ampleur variable selon les territoires et les epoques, a donne naissance a de nouvelles societes. Les principaux groupes humains, indigenes, sous differentes appellations, colons d'origine europeenne et leurs descendants, et parfois esclaves arraches au continent africain, se sont melanges parfois rapidement et avec une forte intensite, parfois plus tardivement ou marginalement. Les unions, officialisees par des mariages ou restees consensuelles, provoque l'apparition de nouvelles generations metisses et ainsi qu'un phenomene de creolisation. L'effectif de chacun de ces groupes humains, et l'existence eventuelle de barrieres entre eux, ont produit des degres de metissage tres divers que les administrateurs des societes coloniales ont tente de classifier. Les seize textes reunis dans cet ouvrage abordent la maniere dont les populations se sont melangees, ainsi que la position des metis dans les nouvelles societes. Ces questions sont abordees dans une perspective de long terme, du XVIe au XXe siecle, et a propos de nombreux territoires, du Canada a la Bolivie, des Antilles a Madagascar, de l'Algerie a l'Angola. The conquest of large colonial empires by European powers, followed by migratory flows, more or less important depending on places and periods, gave birth to new societies. The most important human groups, indigenous, European born settlers and their descendants, and sometimes slaves snatched from the African continent, mixed, more or less early, more or less intensely. Unions, legally registered or not, and misgeneration lead to the appearance of mixed-blood generations and to a process of creolisation. The numerical strength of these human groups, and the existence of barriers between them, produced various degrees of misgeneration that the authorities of the colonial societies tried to identify and to classify. The sixteen texts gathered in this book study the way that these populations got mixed, and the place of mixed-blood people in the new societies. These issues are tackled in a long-term perspective, about various territories, from Canada to Bolivia, from the French West Indies to Madagascar, from Algeria to Angola."

Author Biography

Guy Brunet est vice-president de la Societe de Demographie Historique (Paris) et professeur a l'Universite Lyon 2 ou il enseigne l'histoire de la famille, l'histoire des migrations et des societes coloniales, et la demographie. Ses recherches actuelles portent notamment sur la societe et les populations europeennes sur le territoire algerien au XIXe siecle ainsi que sur la construction des identites en contexte colonial. Guy Brunet is vice-president of Societe de Demographie Historique (Paris) and professor at the University Lyon 2, where he teaches history of the family, history of migrations and of colonial societies, and demography. His most recent researches concern the European populations and the colonial society in Algeria during the XIXth century."
Release date Australia
December 31st, 2014
Contributor
Edited by Guy Brunet
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Imprint
Peter Lang AG
Pages
363
ISBN-13
9783034316057
Product ID
23699032

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