Urban trees have an important role in sustainable communities, providing numerous aesthetic, social, and health benefits. Their importance within urban 'green spaces' has been emphasised by a number of Government reports. This survey was commissioned in 2004 and aims to provide up-to-date information on the national urban tree stock and urban tree management by local authorities in order to inform best practice.It provides up-to-date information on the national urban tree stock and urban tree management by local authorities. It identifies and evaluates trends in the urban tree population since the 1992-93 'Trees in Towns' study. It delivers datasets collected to enable use with appropriate geo-coding and case referencing. It identifies and analyses financial and other resources available to support tree management and other tree activity. It introduces evidence-based approaches and models for the management and maintenance of urban trees.This publication also includes a CD containing the full report, 12 case studies of good or innovative practice, and an essential mapping tool with tree survey data.