This volume is a rich reference source on the history and the politics of Afghanistan. It is useful for all who are interested in learning about Afghanistan's history, culture, politics, etc. It can be a comprehensive aid to students of almost all academic disciplines interested in studying and researching of many aspects of Afghanistan. The volume provides an historical overview of Afghanistan from the Pre-Islamic period through the period of Soviet intervention in the country. It describes the Afghan natural and social environment, and includes, among other subjects, discussion of ethnic groups, religion, education, health, and the country's refugee problem. In addition the book provides additional historical background and analyzes on the development of the Taliban regime and opposition to it. Finally, it provides a Summary of current information on the post Taliban era in Afghanistan.