Biopsychology: International Edition, 7/e Biopsychology clearly presents the fundamentals of the study of the biology of behavior and makes the topics personally and socially relevant to the student. The defining feature of Biopsychology is its unique combination of biopsychological science and personal, reader-oriented discourse. It is a textbook that is untextbooklike. Rather than introducing biopsychology in the usual textbook fashion, it interweaves the fundamentals of the field with clinical case studies, social issues, personal implications, and humorous anecdotes. It tries to be a friendly mentor that speaks directly to the reader, enthusiastically relating recent advances in biopsychological science. MyPsychKit Student Access Code Card
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Biopsychology as a Neuroscience: What is Biopsychology Anyway? 1.1 What is Biopsychology? 1.2 What is the Relation between Biopsychology and the Other Disciplines of Neuroscience? 1.3 What Types of Research Characterize the Biopsychology Approach? 1.4 What are the Divisions of Biopsychology? 1.5 Converging Operations: How Do Biopsychologists Work Together? 1.6 Scientific Inference: How Do Biopsychologists Study the Unobservable Workings of the Brian? 1.7 Critical Thinking about Biopsychological Claims Chapter 2: Evolution, Genetics, and Experience: Thinking about the Biology of Behavior 2.1 Thinking about the Biology of Behavior: From Dichotomies to Relations and Interactions 2.2 Human Evolution 2.3 Fundamental Genetics 2.4 Behavioral Development: The Interaction of Genetic Factors and Experience 2.5 The Genetics of Human Psychological Differences Chapter 3: The Anatomy of the Nervous System: The System, Structures, and Cells That Make Up Your Nervous System 3.1 General Layout of the Nervous System 3.2 Cells of the Nervous System 3.3 Neuroanatomical Techniques and Directions 3.4 The Spinal Cord 3.5 The Five Major Divisions of the Brain 3.6 Major Structures of the Brain Chapter 4 Neural Conduction and Synaptic Transmission: How Neurons Send and Receive Signals 4.1 The Neuron's Resting Membrane Potential 4.2 Generation and Conduction of Postsynaptic Potentials 4.3 Integration of Postsynaptic Potentials and Generation of Action Potentials 4.4 Conduction of Action Potentials 4.5 Synaptic Transmission: Chemical Transmission of Signals from One Neuron to Another 4.6 The Neurotransmitters 4.7 Pharmacology of Synaptic Transmission and Behavior Chapter 5 The Research Methods of Biopsychology: Understanding What Biopsychologists Do PART ONE 5.1 Methods of Visualizing and Stimulating the Living Human Brain 5.2 Recording Human Psychophysiological Activity 5.3 Invasive Physiological Research Methods 5.4 Pharmacological Research Methods 5.5 Genetic Engineering PART TWO: Behavioral Research Methods of Biopsychology 5.6 Neuropsychological Testing 5.7 Behavioral Methods of Cognitive Neuroscience 5.8 Biopsychological Paradigms of Animal Behavior Chapter 6 The Visual System: How We See 6.1 Light Enters the Eye and Reaches the Retina 6.2 The Retina and Translation of Light into Neural Signals 6.3 From Retina to Primary Visual Cortex 6.4 Seeing Edges 6.5 Seeing Color 6.6 Cortical Mechanisms of Vision and Conscious Awareness Conclusion Chapter 7 Mechanisms of Perception: Hearing, Touch, Smell, Taste, and Attention: How You Know the World 7.1 Principals of Sensory System Organization 7.2 Auditory System 7.3 Somatosensory System: Touch and Pain 7.4 The Chemical Senses: Smell and Taste 7.5 Selective Attention Chapter 8 The Sensorimotor System: How You Move 8.1 The Principles of Sensorimotor Function 8.2 Sensorimotor Association Cortex 8.3 Secondary Motor Cortex 8.4 Primary Motor Cortex 8.5 Cerebellum and Basal Ganglia 8.6 Descending Motor Pathways 8.7 Sensory Spinal Circuits 8.8 Central Sensorimotor Programs Chapter 9 Development of the Nervous System: From Fertilized Egg to You 9.1 Phases of Neurodevelopment 9.2 Postnatal Cerebral Development in Human Infants 9.3 Effects of Experience on the Early Development, Maintenance, and Reorganization of Neural Circuits 9.4 Neuroplasticity in Adults 9.5 Disorders of Neurodevelopment: Autism and Williams Syndrome Chapter 10: Brain Damage and Neuroplasticity: Can the Brain Recover from Damage? 10.1 Causes of Brain Damage 10.2 Neuropsychological Diseases 10.3 Animal Models of Human Neuropsychological Disease 10.4 Neuroplastic Responses to Nervous System Damage: Degeneration, Regeneration, Reorganization, and Recovery 10.5 Neuroplasticity and the Treatment of Nervous System Damage Chapter 11: Learning, Memory, and Amnesia: How Your Brain Stores Information 11.1 Amnesic Effects of Bilateral Medial Temporal Lobectomy 11.2 Amnesia of Korsakoff's Syndrome 11.3 Amnesia of Alzheimer's Disease 11.4 Amnesia after Concussion: Evidence for Consolidation 11.5 Neuroanatomy of Object-Recognition Memory 11.6 The Hippocampus and Memory for Spatial Location 11.7 Where Are Memories Stored? 11.8 Synaptic Mechanisms of Learning and Memory 11.9 Conclusion: Infantile Amnesia and the Biopsychologist Who Remembered H.M. Chapter 12: Hunger, Eating, and Health: Why Do Many People Eat Too Much? 12.1 Digestion, Energy Storage, and Energy Utilization 12.2 Theories of Hunger and Eating: Set Points versus Positive Incentives 12.3 Factors That Determine What, When, and How Much We Eat 12.4 Physiological Research on Hunger and Satiety 12.5 Body Weight Regulation: Set Points versus Settling Points 12.6 Human Obesity: Causes, Treatments, and Mechanisms 12.7 Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa Chapter 13: Hormones and Sex: What's Wrong with the Mamawawa? 13.1 The Neuroendocrine System 13.2 Hormones and Sexual Development 13.3 Three Cases of Exceptional Human Sexual Development 13.4 Effects of Gonadal Hormones on Adults 13.5 Neural Mechanisms of Sexual Behavior 13.6 Sexual Orientation, Hormones, and the Brain Chapter 14: Sleep, Dreaming, and Circadian Rhythms: How Much Do You Need to Sleep? 14.1 The Measures and Stages of Sleep 14.2 REM Sleep and Dreaming 14.3 Why Do We Sleep, and Why Do We Sleep When We Do? 14.4 Comparative Analysis of Sleep 14.5 Circadian Sleep Cycles 14.6 Effects of Sleep Deprivation 14.7 Four Areas of the Brain Involved in Sleep 14.8 The Circadian Clock: Neural and Molecular Mechanisms 14.9 Drugs That Affect Sleep 14.10 Sleep Disorders 14.11 The Effects of Long-Term Sleep Reduction Chapter 15: Drug Addiction and the Brain's Reward Circuits Chemicals That Harm with Pleasure 15.1 Basic Principles of Drug Action 15.2 Role of Learning in Drug Tolerance 15.3 Five Commonly Abused Drugs 15.4 Biopsychological Approaches to Theories of Addiction 15.5 Intracranial Self-Stimulation and the Pleasure Centers of the Brain 15.6 Early Studies of Brain Mechanisms of Addiction: Dopamine 15.7 Current Approaches to Brain Mechanisms of Addiction 15.8 A Noteworthy Case of Addiction Chapter 16: Lateralization, Language, and the Split Brain: The Left Brain and the Right Brain of Language 16.1 Cerebral Lateralization of Function: Introduction 16.2 The Split Brain 16.3 Differences between the Left and Right Hemispheres 16.4 Cortical Localization of Language: The Wernicke-Geschwind Model 16.5 Evaluation of the Wernicke-Geschwind Model 16.6 Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Language 16.7 Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Dyslexia Chapter 17: Biopsychology of Emotion, Stress, and Health: Fear, the Dark Side of Emotion 17.1 Biopsychology of Emotion: Introduction 17.2 Fear, Defense, and Aggression 17.3 Neural Mechanisms of Fear Conditioning 17.4 Stress and Health 17.5 Brain Mechanisms of Human Emotion Chapter 18: Biopsychology of Psychiatric Disorders: The Brain Unhinged 18.1 Schizophrenia 18.2 Affective Disorders: Depression and Mania 18.3 Anxiety Disorders 18.4 Tourette Syndrome 18.5 Clinical Trials: Development of New Psychotherapeutic Drugs
John Pinel, the author of Biopsychology, obtained his PhD from McGill University in Montreal. He worked briefly at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology before taking up his current position at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. Professor Pinel is an award-winning teacher and the author of over 200 scientific papers; however, he feels that Biopsychology is his major career-related accomplishment. It ties together everything that I love about my job: students, teaching, writing, and research. When asked about his personal interests, Professor Pinel speaks glowingly of his partner, Maggie, and son, Greg. The high quality of the illustrations in Biopsychology is largely attributable to the effort and talents of Maggie, who is an artist and technical writer. Greg is currently completing his PhD at the London School of Economics, specializing in social and educational programs for indigenous peoples. I get most of my exercise by rehearsing and performing West African drum rhythms, Professor Pinel says. For a peak mental and physical experience, a bit of Kpanlogo with my friend, Nigerian drum master Kwasi Iruoje is hard to beat. Most of Professor Pinel's relaxation comes from cuddling his cats, Sambala, Rastaman, and Squeak.