On November 8, 1519, Hernn Corts entered the magnificent Aztec city of Tenochtitln in present-day Mexico. The stone city had intricately structured canals, bridges, and floating gardens. However, Corts had not come to the city to admire its beauty. He and his soldiers arrived to conquer it and plunder its gold. In order to achieve his goal, Corts went to battle with Montezuma, the great Aztec ruler. When the bloody fighting ended, Corts began building a new Spanish colony that would change the course of history in Mexico.