India continues to consider the nuclear option necessary on account of prestige, domestic technical and political impetus and security concerns. Dr Sidhu examines the 'carrot' approach of incentives, rather than the 'stick' approach of sanctions, as a possible means to change India's attitude to the nuclear option. The focus will be two-fold: what outcome do those imposing, and those receiving, these incentives expect, especially on dual-technology and security issues? what are the essential elements needed to enhance incentive-based cooperation? The author focuses on India and the US for two reasons: any incentive strategies must take into account the crucial relationship between the US and India on the nuclear issue; and, given India's dominant position in the region, successful engagement through incentives could cause Pakistan to follow suit. The author asserts that increased strategic cooperation is the ideal incentivebut it is unlikely in the near future. If Indian attitudes remain unchanged, Pakistan is unlikely to alter its proliferation behaviour.
Dr Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu is a Warren Weaver Fellow with the Rockefeller Foundation, New York, USA. He is a History graduate from St Stephen's College, Delhi University, India, and completed his Masters in International Relations at the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India, and his PhD from Emmanuel College, Cambridge, England. He worked as a journalist with several of India's leading newspapers and magazines, including Indian Express, India Today, Business Standard, and Outlook. He is actively involved in security and foreign-policy issues and diplomacy in South Asia.