This text provides both a conceptual orientation to science/research shaping health policy as well as an operational approach to strategies for linking research to policy. The book will also influence policy makers at the organizational, community, state, national and international levels. The book will include multiple examples of findings from nursing research programs that have influenced health policy decisions and programs. These examples illustrate how health policy can be positively shaped, through the use of strong recommendations for work environments that influence patient outcomes, changes in state programs that enhance health for children and other advances in shaping health policy. This book is designed to provide a quick resource for practicing emergency room nurses, pediatric critical care nurses, school nurses, nurse practitioners, and other health care providers. Student practitioners will also find the content helpful and readily useable as a reference guide. The book provides current, concise and easy-to-use information in short chapters that will assist practitioners with the prevention, identification, and management of victims and offenders. This content can be integrated into advanced family and pediatric curricula and can also be used in primary, community, and acute care pediatric and family settings as a useful, ongoing reference.
Ada Sue Hinshaw, PhD, RN, FAAN, is dean emeritus and professor emeritus, Graduate School of Nursing, Uniformed Services, University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, and dean emeritus and professor, University of Michigan School of Nursing, where she served as dean from 1994 to 2006. Dr. Hinshaw was selected as an American Academy of Nursing (AAN)/American Foundation of Nursing/Institute of Medicine Senior Nurse Scholar from 2006 to 2007. She was also the first permanent director of the National Center of Nursing Research and the first director of the National Institute of Nursing Research at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). During her tenure at NIH, Dr. Hinshaw was responsible for promoting research in the areas of disease prevention, health promotion, and acute and chronic illness, as well as investigating environments that enhance nursing care and patient outcomes. She has conducted research in quality of care, patient outcomes, measurement of outcomes, and building positive work environments to enhance patient safety. Dr. Hinshaw is the recipient of many awards for her work, including the Midwest Nursing Research Society Lifetime Achievement Award, the Health Leader of the Year Award from the U.S. Public Health Service, the Award for Excellence in Nursing Research (Sigma Theta Tau), the Nurse Scientist of the Year Award (ANA Council of Nurse Researchers), the Living Legend Award from the AAN, and the Walsh McDermott Award from the National Academy of Medicine. She has received 14 honorary doctorates.
Patricia A. Grady, PhD, RN, FAAN, has been affiliated with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) since 1988, first as an extramural research program administrator in the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), then as a member of the NIH Task Force for Medical Rehabilitation Research and assistant director of NINDS, until 1995, when she was appointed director of the National Institute of Nursing Research. Under her leadership, the institute has more than doubled its budget and significantly increased the number of research and training grants awarded. Dr. Grady is an internationally recognized researcher on the topic of stroke. She also served as a faculty member at the University of Maryland School of Nursing and School of Medicine.
She has co-authored numerous articles and serves on many journal editorial boards, including Stroke, Stroke and Cerebral Vascular Diseases, and NeuroTherapeutics, the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics. Dr. Grady is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and has been the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Policy Luminary Award from the American Academy of Colleges of Nursing, the Second Century Award for Excellence in Health Care from Columbia University School of Nursing, and the honorary doctor of science degree from Thomas Jefferson University and the Medical University of South Carolina.