This text examines the relationship between theatre history and the development of the European Community as a whole. The volume covers 1957-1973, 1973-1986 and 1986-1992. The first two parts pay particular attention to those aspects of theatre that sought to shape, define, challenge or celebrate the ideals of a united Europe. They also feature a series of short essays on particular prominent figures or groups in the cultures of Europe during this period, such as Peter Stein, Gunter Grass, Gatti, Dario Fo and Eugenio Barba. The third part considers the implications, for theatre in Europe, of events before and after the fall of the Berlin Wall. It also examines the complex and changing map of Europe, looking at current ideals and practices in relation to the contradictory impulses towards nationalism and the ideal of a unified Europe.