Spiking neural networks (SNN) are biologically inspired computational models that represent and process information internally as trains of spikes. This monograph book presents the classical theory and applications of SNN, including original author's contribution to the area. The book introduces for the first time not only deep learning and deep knowledge representation in the human brain and in brain-inspired SNN, but takes that further to develop new types of AI systems, called in the book brain-inspired AI (BI-AI). BI-AI systems are illustrated on: cognitive brain data, including EEG, fMRI and DTI; audio-visual data; brain-computer interfaces; personalized modelling in bio-neuroinformatics; multisensory streaming data modelling in finance, environment and ecology; data compression; neuromorphic hardware implementation. Future directions, such as the integration of multiple modalities, such as quantum-, molecular- and brain information processing, is presented in the last chapter. The book is a research book for postgraduate students, researchers and practitioners across wider areas, including computer and information sciences, engineering, applied mathematics, bio- and neurosciences.
Nikola Kirilov Kasabov is Professor of neural networks and knowledge engineering and Director of the Knowledge Engineering and Discovery Research Institute (KEDRI) at the Auckland University of Technology (AUT), New Zealand. Born in Bulgaria, he has worked previously at the TU Sofia, University of Essex and University of Otago. He is fellow of IEEE, Fellow of the Royal Society (Academy) of New Zealand (RSNZ), Distinguished Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering UK and Visiting Professor at several universities, including: Shanghai Jia-Tong University; ETH and University of Zurich; RGU Scotland UK; University of Trento; University of Kaiserslautern; Universities of Twente and Maastricht. Prof Kasabov originated methods and systems for intelligent information processing, including: evolving connectionist systems, hybrid neuro-fuzzy systems, evolving- and brain -inspired spiking neural network architectures, quantum-inspired methods, methods for personalised modelling in bio and neuroinformatics, published in more than 600 works. He is Past President of the International Neural Network Society (INNS) and the current President of the Asia-Pacific Neural Network Society (APNNS). Prof Kasabov has received the INNS Ada Lovelace and Gabor Awards, APNNS Outstanding Achievements Award, RSNZ Medal, AUT Medal, Honourable Fellowship of the Bulgarian and the Greek Computer Societies, Pavlikeni Honourable Citizenship and other awards. He has been the editor of the Springer Handbook of Bio-/Neuro-informatics published by Springer in 2014 and of the related book series Springer Series on Bio- and Neurosystems.