Examining all aspects of transport in Ancient Egypt, both on land and on water, this work shows how, without the Nile, Egypt would be no more than a desert. The river was far more than just a source of water; it was the main highway through the country, a feature quickly to be exploited to the full by the Ancient Egyptians. Running the length of the country, it afforded good communications and played no small part in the unification of Egypt around 3100 BC, and the success of a civilization which was to last for 3000 years. Scenes carved and painted on tombs and temples survive, showing small papyrus rafts, merchant boats, and the great vessels of the kings and gods. The king is also shown riding in his chariot. However, because of the dry climate, and funeral practices, Egypt is unique in that we do not have to rely solely on artists' representations. Full-scale examples of ships and chariots have survived, and from these we can see how they were made, and marvel at the technical skills required.